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Arunachal Pradesh

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Arunachal Pradesh


Area 83,743 sq km.  
Capital Itanagar 
Population 10,97,968 (as per 2001 Prov. figure)
Principal Languages Monpa, Miji, Aka, Sherdukpen, Nyishi, Apatani,Tagin, Hill Miri, Adi, Digaru-Mismi, Idu-Mishmi, Khamti, Miju-Mishmi, Nocte, Tangsa, and Wancho.

 

HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY

Arunachal Pradesh, the erstwhile North-East Frontier Agency shares international boundaries with Bhutan, Tibet, China and Myanmar to the west, north-east, north and east respectively, and the state boundaries with Assam and Nagaland. The terrain consists of submontane and mountainous ranges, sloping down to the plains of Assam, divided into valleys by the rivers Kameng, Subansiri, Siang, Lohit and Tirap. 
There are practically no records relating to the history of this area, except some oral literature and a number of historical ruins found mainly in the foothills. Subsequent explorations and excavations have identified the ruins as dating approximately from the early Christian era. The historical evidence indicates that not only was the area well known, but the people living here had close relations with the rest of the country.
Modern history of Arunachal Pradesh, begins with the inception of British rule in Assam after the treaty of Yandaboo concluded on 24 February 1826. Before 1962 the area was popularly known as the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA), and was constitutionally a part of Assam. Because of its strategic importance, however, it was administered by the Ministry of External Affairs until 1965 and subsequently by the Ministry of Home Affairs, through the Governor of Assam. In 1972 it was constituted as a Union Territory and renamed Arunachal Pradesh. On 20 February 1987, it became the 24th state of the Indian Union.

AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE 

Agriculture is the mainstay of the people of Arunachal Pradesh and had mainly depended on jhum cultivation. Encouragement is being given to the cultivation of cash crops like potatoes and horticulture crops like apples, oranges and pineapples.

INDUSTRIES AND MINERALS

For conservation and explorations of vast minerals the Arunachal Pradesh Mineral Development and Trading Corporation Limited (APMDTCL) was set up in 1991. Namchik-Namphuk coal fields are taken up by APMDTCL. To provide training to craftsmen in different trades there are two Industrial Training Institutes at Roing and Daporijo.

AREA, POPULATION AND HEADQUARTERS OF DISTRICTS

Sl.No.

 District

Area (sq. km)  Population (in lakh) Headquarter
1. Tawang 2,172 38,924 Tawang
2. West Kameng  7,422 74,599 Bomdila
3. East Kameng 4,134 57,179  Seppa
4. Papum-Pare 2,875 1,22,003 Yupia
5. Lower Subansiri  10,135 98,244 Ziro
6. Kurung Kumey - (Newly Established) -
7. Upper Subansiri 7,032  55,346  Daporijo
8. West Siang 8,325 1,03,918  Along
9. East Siang 4,005 89,397 Pasighat
10. Upper Siang 6,188 33,363 Yingkiong
11. Dibang and Lower Dibang Valley 13,029  57,720 Anini
12. Lohit and Anjaw 11,402 1,43,527  Tezu
13. Changlang 4,662 1,25,422 Changlang
14. Tirap  2,362  1,00,326 Khonsa
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